
Antonelli, V., Miramonti, L., PenaGaray, C., & Serenelli, A. (2013). Solar Neutrinos. Adv. High. Energy Phys., 2013, 351926–34pp.
Abstract: The study of solar neutrinos has given a fundamental contribution both to astroparticle and to elementary particle physics, offering an ideal test of solar models and offering at the same time relevant indications on the fundamental interactions among particles. After reviewing the striking results of the last two decades, which were determinant to solve the long standing solar neutrino puzzle and refine the Standard Solar Model, we focus our attention on the more recent results in this field and on the experiments presently running or planned for the near future. The main focus at the moment is to improve the knowledge of the mass and mixing pattern and especially to study in detail the lowest energy part of the spectrum, which represents most of the solar neutrino spectrum but is still a partially unexplored realm. We discuss this research project and the way in which present and future experiments could contribute to make the theoretical framework more complete and stable, understanding the origin of some “anomalies” that seem to emerge from the data and contributing to answer some present questions, like the exact mechanism of the vacuum to matter transition and the solution of the socalled solar metallicity problem.



Archidiacono, M., Giusarma, E., Hannestad, S., & Mena, O. (2013). Cosmic Dark Radiation and Neutrinos. Adv. High. Energy Phys., 2013, 191047–14pp.
Abstract: New measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) by the Planck mission have greatly increased our knowledge about the universe. Dark radiation, a weakly interacting component of radiation, is one of the important ingredients in our cosmological model which is testable by Planck and other observational probes. At the moment, the possible existence of dark radiation is an unsolved question. For instance, the discrepancy between the value of the Hubble constant, H0, inferred from the Planck data and local measurements of H0 can to some extent be alleviated by enlarging the minimal ACDM model to include additional relativistic degrees of freedom. From a fundamental physics point of view, dark radiation is no less interesting. Indeed, it could well be one of the most accessible windows to physics beyond the standard model, for example, sterile neutrinos. Here, we review the most recent cosmological results including a complete investigation of the dark radiation sector in order to provide an overview of models that are still compatible with new cosmological observations. Furthermore, we update the cosmological constraints on neutrino physics and dark radiation properties focusing on tensions between data sets and degeneracies among parameters that can degrade our information or mimic the existence of extra species.



Balbinot, R., & Fabbri, A. (2014). Amplifying the Hawking Signal in BECs. Adv. High. Energy Phys., 2014, 713574–8pp.
Abstract: We consider simple models of BosepEinstein condensates to study analog pairpcreation effects, namely, the Hawking effect from acoustic black holes and the dynamical Casimir effect in rapidly timepdependent backgrounds. We also focus on a proposal by Cornell to amplify the Hawking signal in densitydensity correlators by reducing the atoms' interactions shortly before measurements are made.



Boucenna, M. S., Morisi, S., & Valle, J. W. F. (2014). The LowScale Approach to Neutrino Masses. Adv. High. Energy Phys., 2014, 831598–15pp.
Abstract: In this short review we revisit the broad landscape of lowscale SU(3)(C) circle times SU(2)(L) circle times U(1)(Y) models of neutrino mass generation, with view on their phenomenological potential. This includes signatures associated to direct neutrino mass messenger production at the LHC, as well as messengerinduced lepton flavor violation processes. We also briefly comment on the presence of WIMP cold dark matter candidates.



Donini, A., EnguitaVileta, V., Esser, F., & Sanz, V. (2022). Generalising Holographic Superconductors. Adv. High. Energy Phys., 2022, 1785050–19pp.
Abstract: In this paper we propose a generalised holographic framework to describe superconductors. We first unify the description of s, p, and dwave superconductors in a way that can be easily promoted to higher spin. Using a semianalytical procedure to compute the superconductor properties, we are able to further generalise the geometric description of the hologram beyond the AdSSchwarzschild Black Hole paradigm and propose a set of higherdimensional metrics which exhibit the same universal behaviour. We then apply this generalised description to study the properties of the condensate and the scaling of the critical temperature with the parameters of the higherdimensional theory, which allows us to reproduce existing results in the literature and extend them to include a possible description of the newly observed fwave superconducting systems.



Folgado, M. G., & Sanz, V. (2021). On the Interpretation of Nonresonant Phenomena at Colliders. Adv. High. Energy Phys., 2021, 2573471–12pp.
Abstract: With null results in resonance searches at the LHC, the physics potential focus is now shifting towards the interpretation of nonresonant phenomena. An example of such shift is the increased popularity of the EFT programme. We can embark on such programme owing to the good integrated luminosity and an excellent understanding of the detectors, which will allow these searches to become more intense as the LHC continues. In this paper, we provide a framework to perform this interpretation in terms of a diverse set of scenarios, including (1) generic heavy new physics described at low energies in terms of a derivative expansion, such as in the EFT approach; (2) very light particles with derivative couplings, such as axions or other light pseudoGoldstone bosons; and (3) the effect of a quasicontinuum of resonances, which can come from a number of strongly coupled theories, extradimensional models, clockwork setups, and their deconstructed cousins. These scenarios are not equivalent despite all nonresonance, although the matching among some of them is possible, and we provide it in this paper.



Khosa, C. K., & Sanz, V. (2022). On the Impact of the LHC Run 2 Data on General Composite Higgs Scenarios. Adv. High. Energy Phys., 2022, 8970837–13pp.
Abstract: We study the impact of Run 2 LHC data on general composite Higgs scenarios, where nonlinear effects, mixing with additional scalars, and new fermionic degrees of freedom could simultaneously contribute to the modification of Higgs properties. We obtain new experimental limits on the scale of compositeness, the mixing with singlets and doublets with the Higgs, and the mass and mixing angle of toppartners. We also show that for scenarios where new fermionic degrees of freedom are involved in electroweak symmetry breaking, there is an interesting interplay among Higgs coupling measurements, boosted Higgs properties, SMEFT global analyses, and direct searches for single and double production of vectorlike quarks.



Lesgourgues, J., & Pastor, S. (2012). Neutrino Mass from Cosmology. Adv. High. Energy Phys., 2012, 608515–34pp.
Abstract: Neutrinos can play an important role in the evolution of the universe, modifying some of the cosmological observables. In this contribution we summarize the main aspects of cosmological relic neutrinos, and we describe how the precision of present cosmological data can be used to learn about neutrino properties, in particular their mass, providing complementary information to beta decay and neutrinoless doublebeta decay experiments. We show how the analysis of current cosmological observations, such as the anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background or the distribution of largescale structure, provides an upper bound on the sum of neutrino masses of order 1 eV or less, with very good perspectives from future cosmological measurements which are expected to be sensitive to neutrino masses well into the subeV range.



Minakata, H., & PenaGaray, C. (2012). Solar Neutrino Observables Sensitive to Matter Effects. Adv. High. Energy Phys., 2012, 349686–15pp.
Abstract: We discuss constraints on the coefficient A(MSW) which is introduced to simulate the effect of weaker or stronger matter potential for electron neutrinos with the current and future solar neutrino data. The currently available solar neutrino data leads to a bound A(MSW) = 1.47(+0.54)(0.42)((0.82)(+1.88)) at 1 sigma (3 sigma) CL, which is consistent with the Standard Model prediction A(MSW) = 1. For weaker matter potential (A(MSW) < 1), the constraint which comes from the flat B8 neutrino spectrum is already very tight, indicating the evidence for matter effects. However for stronger matter potential (A(MSW) > 1), the bound is milder and is dominated by the daynight asymmetry of B8 neutrino flux recently observed by SuperKamiokande. Among the list of observables of ongoing and future solar neutrino experiments, we find that (1) an improved precision of the daynight asymmetry of B8 neutrinos, (2) precision measurements of the lowenergy quasimonoenergetic neutrinos, and (3) the detection of the upturn of the B8 neutrino spectrum at low energies are the best choices to improve the bound on A(MSW).



Morfin, J. G., Nieves, J., & Sobczyk, J. T. (2012). Recent Developments in Neutrino/AntineutrinoNucleus Interactions. Adv. High. Energy Phys., 2012, 934597–35pp.
Abstract: Recent experimental results and developments in the theoretical treatment of neutrinonucleus interactions in the energy range of 110 GeV are discussed. Difficulties in extracting neutrinonucleon cross sections from neutrinonucleus scattering data are explained and significance of understanding nuclear effects for neutrino oscillation experiments is stressed. Detailed discussions of the status of twobody current contribution in the kinematic region dominated by quasielastic scattering and specific features of partonic nuclear effects in weak DIS scattering are presented.

