
YamagataSekihara, J., Roca, L., & Oset, E. (2010). Nature of the K2*(1430), K3*(1780), K4*(2045), K5*(2380), and K6* as K*multirho states. Phys. Rev. D, 82(9), 094017–8pp.
Abstract: We show that the K2*(1430), K3*(1780), K4*(2045), K5*(2380), and a notyetdiscovered K6* resonance are basically molecules made of an increasing number of rho(770) and one K*(892) mesons. The idea relies on the fact that the vectorvector interaction in the s wave with spins aligned is very strong for both rho rho and K*rho. We extend a recent work, where several resonances showed up as multirho(770) molecules, to the strange sector including the K*(892) into the system. The resonant structures show up in the multibody scattering amplitudes, which are evaluated in terms of the unitary twobody vectorvector scattering amplitudes by using the fixed center approximation to the Faddeev equations.



Wang, G. Y., Roca, L., Wang, E., Liang, W. H., & Oset, E. (2020). Signatures of the two K1(1270) poles in D – plus ve plus V P decay. Eur. Phys. J. C, 80(5), 388–7pp.
Abstract: We analyze theoretically the D+ ye+ pK and D+ pe+ K*7 decays to see the feasibility to check the double pole nature of the axial vector resonance Kt(1270) predicted by the unitary extensions of chiral perturbation theory (UChPT). Indeed, within UChPT the K1(1270) is dynamically generated from the interaction of a vector and a pseudoscalar meson, and two poles are obtained for the quantum numbers of this resonance. The lower mass pole couples dominantly to 10 and the higher mass pole to pK, therefore we can expect that different reactions weighing differently these channels in the production mechanisms enhance one or the other pole. We show that the different final V P channels in D pe+ V P weigh differently both poles, and this is reflected in the shape of the final vectorpseudoscalar invariant mass distributions. Therefore, we conclude that these decays are suitable to distinguish experimentally the predicted double pole of the Kt(1270) resonance.



Wang, G. Y., Roca, L., & Oset, E. (2019). Discerning the two K1 (1270) poles in D0 > pi(+) VP decay. Phys. Rev. D, 100(7), 074018–10pp.
Abstract: Within the chiral unitary approach, the axialvector resonance K1 (1270) has been predicted to manifest a twopole nature. The lowest pole has a mass of 1195 MeV and a width of 246 MeV and couples mostly to K*pi, and the highest pole has a mass of 1284 MeV and a width of 146 MeV and couples mostly to rho K. We analyze theoretically how this doublepole structure can show up in D0 > pi+VP decays by looking at the vectorpseudoscalar (VP) invariant mass distribution for different VP channels, exploiting the fact that each pole couples differently to different VP pairs. We find that the final (K) over bar*pi and rho(K) over tilde channels are sensible to the different poles of the K1 (1270) resonance and hence are suitable reactions to analyze experimentally the doublepole nature of this resonance.



Sakai, S., Roca, L., & Oset, E. (2017). Charmbeauty meson bound states from B (B*)D(D*) and interaction B (B*)(D)overbar((D)overbar*). Phys. Rev. D, 96(5), 054023–9pp.
Abstract: We evaluate the swave interaction of pseudoscalar and vector mesons with both charm and beauty to investigate the possible existence of molecular BD, B* D, BD*, B* D*, B (D) over bar, B* (D) over bar, B (D) over bar*, or B* (D) over bar* meson states. The scattering amplitude is obtained implementing unitarity starting from a tree level potential accounting for the dominant vector meson exchange. The diagrams are evaluated using suitable extensions to the heavy flavor sector of the hidden gauge symmetry Lagrangians involving vector and pseudoscalar mesons, respecting heavy quark spin symmetry. We obtain bound states at energies above 7 GeV for BD (J(P) = 0(+)), B* D (1(+)), BD* (1(+)), and B* D* (0(+), 1(+,) 2(+)), all in isospin 0. For B (D) over bar (0(+)), B* (D) over bar (1(+)), B (D) over bar* (1(+)), and B* (D) over bar* (0(+), 1(+), 2(+)) we also find similar bound states in I = 0, but much less bound, which would correspond to exotic meson states with _ (b) over bar and (c) over bar quarks, and for the I = 1 we find a repulsive interaction. We also evaluate the scattering lengths in all cases, which can be tested in current investigations of lattice QCD.



Roca, L., Song, J., & Oset, E. (2024). Molecular pentaquarks with hidden charm and double strangeness. Phys. Rev. D, 109(9), 094005–8pp.
Abstract: We analyze theoretically the coupledchannel mesonbaryon interaction with global flavor c<overline>cssn and c<overline>csss, where mesons are pseudoscalars or vectors, and baryons have JP = 1/2+ or 3/2+. The aim is to explore whether the nonlinear dynamics inherent in the unitarization process within coupled channels can dynamically generate double and triplestrange pentaquarktype states (Pcss and Pcsss, respectively), for which there is no experimental evidence to date. We evaluate the swave scattering matrix by implementing unitarity in coupled channels, using potential kernels obtained from tchannel vector meson exchange. The required PPV and VVV vertices are obtained from Lagrangians derived through appropriate extensions of the local hidden gauge symmetry approach to the charm sector, while capitalizing on the symmetry of the spin and flavor wave function to evaluate the BBV vertex. We find four different poles in the double strange sector, some of them degenerate in spin. For the triplestrange channel, we find the mesonbaryon interaction insufficient to generate a bound or resonance state through the unitary coupledchannel dynamics.



Roca, L., & Oset, E. (2010). Description of the f(2)(1270), rho(3)(1690), f(4)(2050), rho(5)(2350), f(6)(2510) resonances as multirho(770) states. Phys. Rev. D, 82(5), 054013–11pp.
Abstract: In a previous work regarding the interaction of two rho(770) resonances, the f(2)(1270) (J(PC) = 2(++)) resonance was obtained dynamically as a tworho molecule with a very strong binding energy, 135 MeV per rho particle. In the present work we use the rho rho interaction in spin 2 and isospin 0 channel to show that the resonances rho(3)(1690) (3()), f(4)(2050) (4(++)), rho(5)(2350) (5()), and f(6)(2510) (6(++)) are basically molecules of increasing number of rho(770) particles. We use the fixed center approximation of the Faddeev equations to write the multibody interaction in terms of the twobody scattering amplitudes. We find the masses of the states very close to the experimental values and we get an increasing value of the binding energy per rho as the number of rho mesons is increased.



Roca, L., & Oset, E. (2010). Asymmetry observables in e(+)e() > pi(+) pi() gamma in the phi region within a chiral unitary approach. Phys. Rev. D, 81(1), 014010–8pp.
Abstract: We make a theoretical study of the charge and forwardbackward pion asymmetries in the e(+)e() > pi(+) pi() gamma process on and off the phi resonance energy. These observables are rather sensitive to the inner details of the theoretical models to describe the reaction. In addition to the standard implementation of the initial state radiation and the bremsstrahlung contribution to the final state radiation, we use the techniques of the chiral unitary approach to evaluate the contribution from the mechanisms of phi decay into pi(+) pi() gamma. This contribution involves the implementation of final state interaction from direct chiral loops, the exchange of vector and axialvector resonances and the final state interaction through the consideration of the mesonmeson unitarized amplitudes, which were found important in a previous work describing the phi > pi pi gamma. We find a good reproduction of the experimental data from KLOE for the forwardbackward asymmetry, both at the phi peak and away from it. We also make predictions for the angular distributions of the charge asymmetry and show that this observable is very sensitive to the chiral loops involved in phi radiative decay.



Roca, L., & Oset, E. (2012). Scattering of unstable particles in a finite volume: The case of pi rho scattering and the a(1)(1260) resonance. Phys. Rev. D, 85(5), 054507–13pp.
Abstract: We present a way to evaluate the scattering of unstable particles quantized in a finite volume with the aim of extracting physical observables for infinite volume from lattice data. We illustrate the method with the pi rho scattering which generates dynamically the axialvector a(1)(1260) resonance. Energy levels in a finite box are evaluated both considering the rho as a stable and unstable resonance and we find significant differences between both cases. We discuss how to solve the problem to get the physical scattering amplitudes in the infinite volume, and hence phase shifts, from possible lattice results on energy levels quantized inside a finite box.



Roca, L., & Oset, E. (2013). Lambda(1405) poles obtained from pi(0)Sigma(0) photoproduction data. Phys. Rev. C, 87(5), 055201–8pp.
Abstract: We present a strategy to extract the position of the two Lambda(1405) poles from experimental photoproduction data measured recently at different energies in the gamma p > K+pi(0)Sigma(0) reaction at Jefferson Laboratory. By means of a chiral dynamics motivated potential with free parameters, we solve the BetheSalpeter equation in the coupled channels (K) over barN and pi Sigma in isospin I = 0 and parametrize the amplitude for the photonuclear reaction in terms of a linear combination of the pi Sigma > pi Sigma and (K) over barN > pi Sigma scattering amplitudes in I = 0, with a different linear combination for each energy. Good fits to the data are obtained with some sets of parameters, by means of which one can also predict the cross section for the K p > pi(0)Sigma(0) reaction. These later results help us decide among the possible solutions. The result is that the different solutions lead to two poles similar to those found in the chiral unitary approach. With the best result we find the two Lambda(1405) poles at 1385 – 68i MeV and 1419 – 22i MeV.



Roca, L., & Oset, E. (2013). Isospin 0 and 1 resonances from pi Sigma photoproduction data. Phys. Rev. C, 88(5), 055206–7pp.
Abstract: Recently we presented a successful strategy to extract the position of the two Lambda ( 1405) poles from experimental photoproduction data on the gamma p > K+pi(0)Sigma(0) reaction at Jefferson Lab. Following a similar strategy, we extend the previous method to incorporate also the isospin 1 component which allows us to consider in addition the experimental data on gamma p > K+pi(+/)Sigma(/+). The idea is based on considering a production mechanism as model independent as possible and implementing the final state interaction of the final mesonbaryon pair based on small modifications of the unitary chiral perturbation theory amplitudes. Good fits to the data are obtained with this procedure, by means of which we can also predict the cross sections for the K p > (K) over barN, pi Sigma, and pi Lambda reactions for the different charge channels. Besides the two poles found for the Lambda(1405) resonance, we discuss the possible existence of an isospin 1 resonance in the vicinity of the (K) over barN threshold.

